Hajj Preeminent pilgrimage
Hajj Preeminent pilgrimage in Islam, to Makkah, compulsory for Muslims in good health and with sufficient funds to make the journey. The length of the obligatory rituals with the hajj covers about 6 days, but which are the core rituals is a matter of definitions, and may be set as low as covering 3 days. The hajj is the foremost of all Muslim rituals, even if less than 10% of all Muslims ever manage to complete it.
In modern times about 2.5 million Muslims fulfill the hajj every year, and this number seems to be fairly close to the recorded maximum. Saudi authorities now regulate how many may come from each country, requiring pilgrims to file requests, many of which are declined.
A person performing, and having performed the hajj, is called hajji. Many hajjis add ‘Hajj’ or ‘Hajji’ to their name after returning from Makkah.
The following are not obliged to perform hajj: Those who are mentally ill, slaves, women without traveling companions (like close relative or husband) and people without the necessary funds.